Automating attendance recorder in Google Classroom using Apps Script

Programatically create multiple questions in Google Classroom using Apps Script.

Automating attendance recorder in Google Classroom using Apps Script
Automating attendance recorder in Google Classroom using Apps Script

This post is going to talk about simply automating the original solution proposed by @becwest81 on collecting attendance using google classroom.

In case you haven't seen it already, the approach caught my attention when Google for Edu shared it on their twitter handle -


attendance recorder in google classroom - demo
attendance recorder in google classroom - demo


You can access the entire script on my GitHub repository here or make a copy of my original script from this link here; however, here's the less than 50 lines of implementation for reference -

var courseId = 'XXXXXXXXXXXX'; //
var topicID = 'YYYYYYYYYYY'; //

var startDate = new Date(); // new Date("dd-MMM-yyyy")
var scheduleForDays = 5; // Number of days to schedule the attendace from 'startDate'

var scheduledTimeHour = 9; // the number 9 (integer value) for 9 AM
var scheduledTimeMinutes = 0; // the number 0 (integer value) for exactly at the 'scheduledTimeHour'
var dueByHour = 15; // 24-hour; the number 15 (integer value) for 3 PM
var dueByMinutes = 30; // the number 30 (integer value) for the 30th minute from 'dueByHour'

function scheduleAttendance() {
  var MILLIS_PER_DAY = 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;
  var questionDate = startDate;
  for (var i = 0; i < scheduleForDays; i++) {
    var newDate = new Date(questionDate.getTime() + MILLIS_PER_DAY);
    questionDate = newDate;

function createQuestion(date) {
  var title = "Attendance for " + Utilities.formatDate(date, Session.getScriptTimeZone(), "dd-MMMM-yyyy");
  var scheduledTime = Utilities.formatDate(new Date(date.getFullYear(), date.getMonth(), date.getDate(), scheduledTimeHour, scheduledTimeMinutes, 0), "UTC", "yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss'Z'");
  var dueByTime = Utilities.formatDate(new Date(date.getFullYear(), date.getMonth(), date.getDate(), dueByHour, dueByMinutes, 0), "UTC", "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
  var payload = {
    "multipleChoiceQuestion": {
      "choices": [
    "title": title,
    "description": "Are you working online in Google Classroom?",
    "scheduledTime": scheduledTime,
    "topicId": topicID,
    "dueDate": {
      "day": date.getDate(),
      "month": date.getMonth() + 1,
      "year": date.getFullYear()
    "dueTime": {
      "hours": new Date(dueByTime).getHours(),
      "minutes": new Date(dueByTime).getMinutes(),
      "seconds": 0
  Classroom.Courses.CourseWork.create(payload, courseId); //


  1. get the courseId and topicID by visiting the following resources and trying out the API explorer -
  1. replace the course and topic ids in the script to the ones you get from step 1
  2. the classroom service is an advanced google service in apps script and as such, will require you to first enable it before use
  3. configure the following variables before running the script -
    • startDate: in case you wish the script to start right from today, then leave it as is and modify the next variables accordingly
      • note that the start date needs to be greater than the 'now' of whenever you intend to trigger the script i.e. the apis cannot create/schedule for an older/elapsed date
      • if you wish to start scheduling from a particular day, modify the new Date() to new Date(dd-MMM-yyyy) where dd-MMM-yyyy would be the date in 2 digits (dd), month in letters but only the first 3 characters of any month (ex: Apr) and year in full (yyyy)
    • scheduleForDays: this is to know for how many days starting from startDate would you want to create/schedule the attendance questionaire for
    • scheduledTimeHour: what hour of the time would you want to schedule it for
      • scheduledTimeMinutes: you're free to specify a minute against the scheduled hour
    • dueByHour: a due-by hour for when you'd like to stop receiving responses for that day
      • dueByMinutes: similarly a due-by minutes should it be anything other than 0
  4. finally, just run the scheduleAttendance function to trigger the automation

In case you find any difficulties with configuring the same, please feel free to reach out to me on or you could also connect with me over at Twitter.